The date of what is typically recognized as the first Thanksgiving is not precisely known, though it occurred between September 21 and November 9, 1621. The Plymouth Mass. Pilgrims dined with the Wampanoag Indians.
A Calvinist Thanksgiving actually did occur in 1623 and did not involve sharing food with the Native Americans. But in the fall of 1621 the feast lasted three days. Approximately 50 Native Americans attended this feast which included Massasoit and Squanto - the Pilgrim's translator. 52 Pilgrims attended the first Thanksgiving, including John Alden, William Bradford, Priscilla Mullins, and Miles Standish. According to Edward Winslow, a participant in the first Thanksgiving, the feast consisted of corn, barley, fowl including wild turkeys and waterfowl, and venison. Mashed potatoes, popcorn, milk, corn on the cob, and cranberries were not foods present on the first feast table. Rather Lobster, rabbit, chicken, fish, squashes, beans, chestnuts, hickory nuts, onions, leeks, dried fruits, maple syrup and honey, radishes, cabbage, carrots, eggs, and goat cheese are thought to have made up the first Thanksgiving feast. And the pilgrims didn't use forks; they ate with spoons, knives, and their fingers.
Plus, did you know turkey was the first meal enjoyed by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin when they were on the moon.
Now you can be the talk of your dinner table this holiday — a perfect turkey tidbit to impress holiday dinner guests.
And here is a Gobble, Gobble funny...
This article is from NASA, Nov. 21, 2013.
The animation below shows the most common type of gamma-ray burst, thought to occur when a massive star collapses, forms a black hole, and blasts particle jets outward at nearly the speed of light. Viewing into a jet greatly boosts its apparent brightness. A Fermi image of GRB 130427A ends the sequence.
On April 27, a blast of light from a dying star in a distant galaxy became the focus of astronomers around the world. The explosion, known as a gamma-ray burst and designated GRB 130427A, tops the charts as one of the brightest ever seen.
A trio of NASA satellites, working in concert with ground-based robotic telescopes, captured never-before-seen details that challenge current theoretical understandings of how gamma-ray bursts work.
"We expect to see an event like this only once or twice a century, so we're fortunate it happened when we had the appropriate collection of sensitive space telescopes with complementary capabilities available to see it," said Paul Hertz, director of NASA's Astrophysics Division in Washington.
Gamma-ray bursts are the most luminous explosions in the cosmos, thought to be triggered when the core of a massive star runs out of nuclear fuel, collapses under its own weight, and forms a black hole. The black hole then drives jets of particles that drill all the way through the collapsing star and erupt into space at nearly the speed of light.
Gamma-rays are the most energetic form of light. Hot matter surrounding a new black hole and internal shock waves produced by collisions within the jet are thought to emit gamma-rays with energies in the million-electron-volt (MeV) range, or roughly 500,000 times the energy of visible light. The most energetic emission, with billion-electron-volt (GeV) gamma rays, is thought to arise when the jet slams into its surroundings, forming an external shock wave.
The Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) aboard NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope captured the initial wave of gamma rays from GRB 130427A shortly after 3:47 a.m. EDT April 27. In its first three seconds alone, the "monster burst" proved brighter than almost any burst previously observed.
"The spectacular results from Fermi GBM show that our widely accepted picture of MeV gamma rays from internal shock waves is woefully inadequate," said Rob Preece, a Fermi team member at the University of Alabama in Huntsville who led the GBM study.
NASA's Swift Gamma-ray Burst Mission detected the burst almost simultaneously with the GBM and quickly relayed its position to ground-based observatories.
Telescopes operated by Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico as part of the Rapid Telescopes for Optical Response (RAPTOR) Project quickly turned to the spot. They detected an optical flash that peaked at magnitude 7 on the astronomical brightness scale, easily visible through binoculars. It is the second-brightest flash ever seen from a gamma-ray burst.
Just as the optical flash peaked, Fermi's Large Area Telescope (LAT) detected a spike in GeV gamma-rays reaching 95 GeV, the most energetic light ever seen from a burst. This relationship between a burst's optical light and its high-energy gamma-rays defied expectations.
"We thought the visible light for these flashes came from internal shocks, but this burst shows that it must come from the external shock, which produces the most energetic gamma-rays," said Sylvia Zhu, a Fermi team member at the University of Maryland in College Park.
The LAT detected GRB 130427A for about 20 hours, far longer than any previous burst. For a gamma-ray burst, it was relatively nearby. Its light traveled 3.8 billion years before arriving at Earth, about one-third the travel time for light from typical bursts.
"Detailed observations by Swift and ground-based telescopes clearly show that GRB 130427A has properties more similar to typical distant bursts than to nearby ones," said Gianpiero Tagliaferri, a Swift team member at Brera Observatory in Merate, Italy.
This extraordinary event enabled NASA's newest X-ray observatory, the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), to make a first-time detection of a burst afterglow in high-energy, or "hard," X-rays after more than a day. Taken together with Fermi LAT data, these observations challenge long-standing predictions.
This is interesting, for those of you interested in ancestry...
Like many Americans, I'm a mutt. I'm a hodge-podge of many ethnicities and religions,
and I don't really prescribe to any. But it is interesting to study how these many different backgrounds have now melted into the average-joe-American.
Plus, living all over the country like I have, can be fascinating to see how each township atmosphere can differ. From New England to the South to the West, each has it's own vibe all rooted in it's ancestry.
Is anyone else a little disturbed by all the species reports coming in? You know, the frogs, the bees, and the butterflies? I’m not into being an alarmist, but this is alarming. Mother Nature doesn’t mess around when she feels it’s time to create a balance again. What will happen when key species begin to seriously fail?
The poor bees. Because of greedy corporations and bureaucracy it may be too late for them. The American Honey Bee is close to extinction because of this...
What is that theory? A butterfly flaps it's wings in Central Park and creates a typhoon on the other side of the planet. It should be fairly obvious why these species demise would be detrimental to us.
What Mother Nature has in store for us will not be pleasant. When She does take action, I will laugh at the naive people surprised by this, because all the signs are here.
It's quite simple; Mommy doesn't get mad, she gets even.
Would we be told if there was an asteroid that was in a collision course with our planet and was large enough to do damage? If we were told, how long before civilization broke down? I don't know if they would tell us. Why would they if the governments of the world could avoid all the mayhem that would come with a declaration like that.
According to astronomers, it would be impossible to keep a oncoming collision quiet because they would all see it, and at least one of them would talk. Plus, they supposedly have all asteroids mapped in our solar system.
Yet, they keep finding new ones...
So asteroid 2012 DA14 is flying by us on February 15, and will swing by at its closest, about 17,200 miles (inside the geosynchronous orbit of our satellites) and it is the size of half a football field. That's a pretty good sized rock. Make sure you duck. Check out:
Here is a list of more fun rocks in space at, Near Earth Object Program
Sumerians ushered in the age of intensive agriculture and irrigation.
The Sumerians knew that they had to control the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. In the spring the rivers flooded, and when they receded and left natural levees behind. The Sumerians built the levees higher and used them to keep back the flood waters. In the summer, when the land was dry, the Sumerians poked holes in the levees. The river water ran through the holes and made irrigation channel in the soil. An irrigation system took which took planning in draining the marshes for agriculture.
Wheat, barley, sheep, and cattle were foremost among the species cultivated and raised for the first time on a grand scale.
Math & Astronomy
All these accomplishments imply that the people of Sumer were advanced in math for their time period.
They invented and developed arithmetic by using several different number systems including a mixed radix system with an alternating base 10 and base 6. This sexagesimal system became the standard number system in Sumer and Babylonia. They made a system of numbers that, unlike today's Base-10 System, was Base-60.
For example: how we tell time, 24 hours in a day, 60 minutes in an hour, and 60 seconds in a minute. It is amazing they invented something so critical that we still use today.
They also divided up the circle into 360 degrees. They had a wide knowledge of mathematics including addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, quadratic and cubic equations, and fractions. This was important in keeping track of records as well as in some of their large building projects. The Mesopotamians had formulas for figuring out the circumference and area for different geometric shapes like rectangles, circles, and triangles. Some evidence suggests that they even knew the Pythagorean Theorem long before Pythagoras wrote it down. They may have even discovered the number for pi in figuring the circumference of a circle.
And because of their trading they created a sophisticated accounting system. They kept a written records of how much was given, to who, and when, along with calculating inventory
They also invented the calendar. By studying the phases of the Moon, Sumerians created the first calendar. It had 12 lunar months and was the predecessor for both the Jewish and Greek calendars. A Lunar calendar that is more accurate then the Gregorian Calendar we use today. The Babylonian calendar was a lunisolar calendar with years consisting of 12 lunar months, each beginning when a new crescent moon was first sighted low on the western horizon at sunset, plus an intercalary month inserted as needed by decree. The calendar is based on a Sumerian (Ur III) predecessor preserved in the Umma calendar of Shulgi (c. 21st century BC).
Click to enlarge
The zodiacal map (right) was used for practical mathematical & observational purposes.The Zodiac of Sumer, definitely complete by the time of Babylon, was adopted by the Greeks much later.
Babylonians and the Chinese were using the 19 year Sun-Moon cycle in their calculations - by the 6th Century BCE. Today it is called the 'Metonic' cycle after a Greek who wrote of it some hundred years or so afterwards.
I found my sign...
Government & Military
They developed the first known codified legal and administrative systems, complete with courts, jails, and government records. The first true city states arose in Sumer.
The US government is based roughly on this Sumerian government. You could have a dispute with your neighbor in Sumer and take them to court before your peers to decide a judgement...
There are even a set of laws that citizens must abide by...(remember this is straight out of the Neanderthal stage) Even the poor were fed at the temple as a form of the governments civil service program.
Because they were constantly at war with one another, they may have invented military formations and introduced the basic divisions between infantry, cavalry, and archers.
They developed trade, and established industries, including weaving, leather work, metalwork, masonry, and pottery. Plus, frying pans, razors, cosmetic sets, shepherd’s pipes, harps, kilns to cook bricks and pottery, bronze hand tools like hammers and axes, the plow, the plow seeder, and the first superhero, Gilgamesh. They also and used looms to weave cloth from wool and because they traded heavily throughout the Persian Gulf, they invented the sailboat.
According to Archibald Sayce, the primitive pictograms of the early Sumerian (i.e. Uruk) era suggest that "Stone was scarce, but was already cut into blocks and seals. Brick was the ordinary building material, and with it cities, forts, temples and houses were constructed. The city was provided with towers and stood on an artificial platform; the house also had a tower-like appearance. It was provided with a door which turned on a hinge, and could be opened with a sort of key ; the city gate was on a larger scale, and seems to have been double. The foundation stones - or rather bricks - of a house were consecrated by certain objects that were deposited under them."
The most impressive and famous of Sumerian buildings are the ziggurats, large layered platforms which supported temples. The Sumerians also developed the arch, which enabled them to develop a strong type of roof called a dome. They built this by constructing several arches. Sumerian temples and palaces made use of more advanced materials and techniques, such as buttresses, recesses, half columns, and clay nails.
They used logic and recorded medical history to be able to diagnose and treat illnesses with various creams and pills.
Lets not discount the making bronze from copper and tin.
Or Beer Brewing. Chemical analysis has identified a 6,000-year-old brewery at an archaeological site in what is now modern Iran. The evidence, which was published recently in the scientific journal Nature, suggests that fermentation of barley was first practiced in Sumer between 4000 and 3000 BC.
Writing & Schools
After Egyptian hieroglyphs, the Sumerians' cuneiform writing system is the next oldest which has been deciphered. The status of even older inscriptions such as the Vinča signs and the even older Jiahu symbols is controversial. Since hieroglyphs are considered "pictures", the Sumerians invented the first writing system, with actual "letters" developing Sumerian cuneiform writing out of earlier proto-writing systems by about the 30th century BCE. The earliest literary texts appear from about the 27th century BCE.
Several centuries after the invention of cuneiform, the use of writing expanded beyond debt/payment certificates and inventory lists to be applied for the first time, about 2600 BC, to messages and mail delivery, history, legend, mathematics, astronomical records, and other pursuits. Conjointly with the spread of writing, the first formal schools were established, usually under the auspices of a city-state's primary temple.
You wanna know how ridiculously smart they were? Take for instance the cuneiform seals they created. This was their mail system. A scribe would write on a piece of clay, backwards so when it was sent to the message receiver, they would take the seal and roll it out on a soft piece of clay. Then they would be able to read what was sent. A Dyslexic's dream job.
The Sumerian language remained in official and literary use in the Akkadian and Babylonian empires, even after the spoken language disappeared from the population; literacy was widespread, and the Sumerian texts that students copied heavily influenced later Babylonian literature. Some Mesopotamian words are still in use today. Words like crocus, which is a flower, and saffron, which is a spice, are words borrowed from the ancient Mesopotamia.
Are you amazed yet? There is sooo much more that I didn't list.
How could a culture, brand new to Earth, have this much know-how, so quickly? They invented so many things we still use, that are so critical to our everyday life in the 21st century. Just astounding!
Want a more in-depth analysis? This guy goes very technical on their inventions.
Many people don't know it, but USPTO can apply a secrecy order to a patent if the patent office staff and their military advisers think the idea could be used to threaten national security. Once the USPTO decides that a technology is no longer a threat, it can publish the patent and pave the way for commercialization. Some patents may remain cloaked under a secrecy order for one or two years; others languish for decades. There are more than 5,000 patent inventions we may never know or see, that currently have secrecy orders attached to them.
That's not the end of hush-hush inventions. Each year, the Pentagon sets aside billions of dollars to develop top-secret military weapons. This black budget has grown since the Sept. 11 attacks, surpassing even the funds spent at the height of the Cold War. Some of that money has gone toward the development of nano air vehicles (NAVs), remote-controlled micro-drones that could easily infiltrate enemy territory. We all know how the U.S. military has used larger drones to conduct reconnaissance, transport supplies and even target individuals. Unfortunately, the larger attack drones, such as the MQ-1 Predator, can result in unwanted civilian casualties.
The Art of War
Lockheed Martin's Samarai micro-drone could solve that problem. Weighing a mere 5.29 ounces and boasting a 12-inch wingspan, the Samarai looks like a maple-seed whirligig. Except this one comes with a miniature jet engine to provide thrust and a tiny flap on the trailing edge of the wing to control direction. In the near future, this nature-inspired micro-drone will snap photos using a camera mounted on the gadget's central hub. But the longer-term goals are to turn the Samarai or other similar micro-drones into armed attack vehicles capable of killing a single individual with little or no collateral damage
A NAV will be a lot smaller than the EMT Aladin airborne reconnaissance drone this German soldier is using for close area imaging during patrol on Oct. 17, 2010, in Afghanistan.
Mercedes-Benz has been an innovator for decades. But nothing could be more innovative than the BIOME concept car, unveiled at the Los Angeles Auto Show in November 2010. Here's how the official press release described the vehicle:
"The Mercedes-Benz BIOME grows in a completely organic environment from seeds sown in a nursery. Out on the road the car emits pure oxygen, and at the end of its lifespan it can be simply composted or used as building material."
It is made from an ultra-light material called BioFibre so that the finished vehicle, though wider than a typical car, only weighs 876 pounds. If you think that sounds too good to be true, then get this: The BIOME isn't assembled. It grows from two seeds -- one that forms the interior and one that forms the exterior. The wheels germinate from four additional seeds placed in the nursery.
Of course, you won't find the BIOME at your local Mercedes-Benz dealer. That's because the far-out design is a vision of the future, a concept car that's decades ahead of its time.
two-seater shark uses compressed air mechanism or high powered fans and the Console is placed between the legs, which might seem a little shoddy for some.
But then again, there is a fine distinction between a Hovercar and a Sports car, so it ought to be compact in its design. It will look comfortable on a Sci-Fi set.
Even VW has been working on a hover car in China.
This may not sound so scary, but it is a little unsettling to be walking in a store and hearing voices asking you to buy things. If you look around, you won't see anyone speaking, and none of the other shoppers will seem alarmed -- no one else can hear it but you.
A company called Holosonics developed the Audio Spotlight system, which uses tiny speakers to focus sound into a very narrow beam. Ultrasonic frequencies are too high for the human ear to hear, but as the sound travels from the Audio Spotlight system's speakers, air distorts the sound and makes it audible. It's perfect for in-store advertising, but you'd have to be standing in the right place to hear it.
However, according to the company's Web site, the gadgets are not yet being offered for sale.
Artificial intelligence (AI) has come a long way since computers first made the scene.
Vernor Vinge, a math professor at San Diego State University, proposed what he calls the singularity -- a time at which computer networks may become self-aware through advanced AI, and interfaces between people and computers help humankind evolve. Biological advancements may become so sophisticated that doctors can even engineer human intelligence. There is a possibility, however, that AI might allow machines to take over the world. There's no guarantee that such a scenario will really happen, and technological limitations may prevent it. Still, the idea that machines might someday decide we're irrelevant and arrange for our destruction is more than a little creepy. In 2008 scientists completed a gigantic machine that they believe will help solve some of the secrets of the universe. Some critics of the project were so afraid of it that they filed a lawsuit to prevent it from being turned on.
Personal power source
Might I add just one more time, where the heck is the Bloom Box? If there was a time when our country needed a financial break, it would be now. To have a power generator for every home, with energy free of charge, would go a long way.
In China, there is no doomsday prediction for 2012 besides Hollywood movies. On the contrary, China has one prophecy regarding to 2012 from Ching 清 Dynasty. It said that a wise man will appear to make the world prosperous and peaceful in the year of Black Dragon. (Chinese language page Chinese Prophecy for 2012) Using the Chinese astrology calendar to see if anything special should be expected on the date of 12.21.2012.
2012 is Black Water Dragon Year. The December of 2012 is Water Rat month and 12/21/2012 is Male Dragon day. What's the meaning of Dragon to Water? Dragon contains Earth, Water and Wood. It is also called Water Dam in Chinese astrology. Water Dam is the source of Water. That means the Water of Black Water Dragon will never dry. Therefore, December of 2012 is a very strong Water month and in general, something to do with water will be the main event happening in the December 2012. Water is related to rains, oceans, flooding, rivers, lakes, dams, cold, tsunamis, hurricanes or even mudslides. Global warming or a magnetic pole drifting phenomenon might cause a natural Water disaster. However, there is no evidence or special sign to cause such a global disaster in December 2012. The end of a cycle is the beginning of another new cycle. It implies a new hope for the tomorrow.
Timewave Zero: Terence McKenna’s Time Wave Theory
This prediction is endorsed by a I-Ching theory from Terence Mckenna who was an American philosopher, writer and spiritual teacher. He invented the I-Ching Time Wave theory using The King Wen sequence, which is an order arrangement of the 64 hexagram. He assigned mathematical values to each of 384 lines of the 64 hexagram in a graph to make the curve and translated into time. The ending date was calculated in November 2012. Later, he revised the date to December in order to match 12.21.2012.
He's a bit eccentric, but he has some interesting points.
The first hexagram is a sign for Peace. The 63rd hexagram is a sign of completion and success and it also a sign of accident - extreme pleasure might be followed by sorrow. The last hexagram implies a sign of incomplete, danger and hope of future. That means the last hexagram doesn't mean the end of the cycle.
End Times: Bible and 2012
The problem I have with the written Bible is, it has been edited with prejudice, for over 3500 years. That’s a lot of editing my friends and a lot of authors. Granted, I think in general it had started out as a legitimate concept of recording the past events, but it has lost its credibility with the centuries of alterations. Case and point, when the church arbitrarily picked a date to celebrate Jesus birth date. They weren’t really sure when it happened but they wanted to meld the Winter Solstice celebrated by the Pagans, with the Catholic teachings. If the Catholic religion fudged this, you gotta ask what other important things they fudged? But there is ALWAYS a grain of truth, so I shall put the Bible in this list as well.
The book of Revelation spans three literary genres: epistolary, apocalyptic, and prophetic. It begins with an epistolary address to the reader followed by an apocalyptic description of a complex series of events derived from prophetic visions which the author claims to have seen. These include the appearance of a number of images which have become important in Christian eschatology, such as the Whore of Babylon, the Beast, and culminate in the Second Coming of Jesus.
The vague and excessive imagery has led to a wide variety of interpretations:
Shamans in general believe a more optimistic interpretation of the 2012 prophecy. Instead of referring to the end of the world as we have known it, they do not predict a physical destruction of the material world, but to the death and rebirth with a mass inner-transformation of humanity. Tibetan and Maya Elders alike tell us we are moving from a Dark Age to an Age of Light. Many say this Light Age is already here; and that we humans just have to wake up to it.
Others believe that we will be forced through a harsh dimensional division by years end. This is a shared belief with the Sumerian prophecy. Though if this occurs, we may never know it unless people start vanishing before our eyes. Then the Bible thumpers will claim it is the Rapture. It's interesting how so many events tie together.
The Hopi/Tibetan Prophecy also speaks of the arrival of a New Generation of Children. That every single person during this time "signed up" for this assignment a long time ago. The plan was that the New Children would become of age by 2012. Then they would lead us into the Time of Never Ending Peace.
This time is also a when Earth will be passing through the galactic equator and will be lined up with the center of the galaxy in a profound galactic alignment. Some even say that there is a serpent light coming from the galaxy which supposedly will create a profound change in human consciousness. Whenever the Earth passes through this particular serpent light, which is a "cord" of energy that is coming from the center of the galaxy and is always in this particular place that Earth passes through every 26,000 years, the energy of anything it touches, in this case the Earth and its inhabitants, changes.
Their prophecy is generally good. It states, “When the Eagle of the North flies with the Condor of the South, The Spirit of the Land, She will Reawaken.” But there are also writings of the Incas think that before 2013 an influential space rock will start the purging procedure of the earth. This prophecy suggests that the purification will begin with many lives being lost.
To read more click here.
Many believe that this is when full disclosure may occur, either by a (sub) government or by the aliens.
Personally, the only way there would be disclosure on this subject was if the aliens revealed themselves, because if there was a Military Industrial Complex that runs the US’s black operation projects, they would never reveal their hand. Never. There is nothing in it for them to reveal to the general population what they’ve been up to.
All these theories are a matter of interpretation, plus some of the predictions do not land precisely of 12.21.2012. A person has to keep in mind, many of the theories state (whatever) will occur in the beginning of 2013.
We shall see...
Courts were located around the ziggurat
The ancient Sumerians are credited for the invention of government. They were affected politically and economically by it. It was invented to organize labor and officials were appointed to sort out problems and work on construction projects. Because of this newly-organized labor, people could work together to form an economy by building canals and roads that made trading easier. Socially, the people now had something to do, and a way to earn a living. They had also set-up government to make laws. These laws, enforced by courts, were made so the Sumerian people would know what was expected of them.
The ancient Mesopotamia's created a government that was a combination of monarchy and democracy. The kingdoms of Sumer were organized into city-states and the Kings ruled each city-states for the gods. They were assisted by priests, scribes, and nobles. But before 3500 BC priests ruled Sumer. They attended the gods who really ruled.
While Scribes measured land into square units and decided taxes to be paid. They also kept accounts of foreign goods unloaded from ships. Elected officials who served in the Assembly also ruled the people. Even kings had to ask the Assembly for permission to do certain things.
Lawmaking in Sumer was performed by a two-house legislature, who enforced the laws. The Upper House - composed of elders and the Lower House - composed of free male citizens, who were also the soldiers. Sumerian laws were not written down, but people knew what they were and they knew what could happened if you broke the law. The laws clearly stated how you had to behave and what your punishment would be if you did not. The laws that were later written down by the ancient Babylonians were, for the most part, laws first created by the ancient Sumerians.
The Babylonian King Hammurabi made his 'Code' or collection of laws very successful. It was modeled on existing laws, but this was the largest law code assembled. The Code has 282 provisions which dealt with many aspects of life, including family rights, trade, slavery, tariffs, taxes, prices and wages. The Code tells us much about Babylonian society and is inscribed on a stone slab over 6ft high. At the top, the King is shown receiving laws from the Babylonian sun god, Shamash (a.k.a. Sumerian god Enlil). The laws are not the same for rich and poor, but the weak were given some protection against the tyranny of the strong. The Code was not the only law code in Mesopotamia, but the only one written in stone. The code was based on retribution, not justice and varied unfairly between social classes.
You gotta read some of these laws. Some of them are kind-of funny. Like if I went into a bar and got a drink, the law states I then need to be burned to death because I’m a woman. And then it got me wondering, how much has it changed in current Iraq? Is it still in the books that a woman needs to be burned for drinking alcohol?
Campaigning 181 million dollars on just Ohio is a little excessive. Couldn’t that money be put toward a less self-gratifying cause? I know a few college students who wouldn’t mind a grant, or scientific research that could use some extra money, or several homeowners who wouldn’t mind some relief. The system needs to change.
Where there is excessive behavior plus astronomical finances, there is inevitable con-artists and public manipulators who have one agenda-themselves. This exploitation of the public has happened throughout time. Like Rome, like the Catholic Church, like any large government, the system has just gotten to that point where Washington’s bloated power grows greed and dishonesty which is now trying to eat its own tail. These political vultures can’t help themselves. They’re drawn to it.
Seeing these people for who they are is what is so difficult for us because they are the people we had voted for, and because of our political allegiances, we see these low life vultures through rose colored glasses. Money and power breeds corruption, so I say, take the money away.
Did you know the average Congressman, Senator, and Representative makes $174,000 a year. Leaders of these houses make roughly $193,400 a year.
In comparison, at Delta, American, United and Continental, a pilot's top minimum salary is between $156,000 and $167,000 per year.
So, politicians are making more than the people who are safely flying you and your family in a metal tube, with a motor, and 24,000 gallons of jet fuel, to some holiday destination. Not to mention the safety of the millions of people they fly over. Politicians make more than airline captains? Really?
During the Constitutional Convention, Benjamin Franklin considered proposing that elected government officials not be paid for their service. Other Founding Fathers, however, decided otherwise. From 1789 to 1855, members of Congress received only a per diem (daily payment) of $6.00 while in session, except for a period from December 1815 to March 1817, when they received $1,500 a year. Members began receiving an annual salary in 1855, when they were paid $3,000 per year.
It’s unbelievable that they currently write their own pay check. Are they worth the money they earn? No. Unequivocally, no. Earning that much means that they are special. That they, like airline pilots, can do what no one else can do, better. If that ain’t bull crap, I don’t know what is. I say politicians should all earn minimum wage. Period. That’ll weed out the true civil servants. The people who truly care about the people they represent. I know I'm not the first to come up with this, but I sure wish it would happen. And hey, with that kind of across the board pay cut, we could maybe actually put a tiny dent in the deficit. I suppose if the government goes broke, then the political types will have no choice but to be laid off. One can only hope.
The concept of America is good. The current system just leaves the door wide open for dishonest, money hungry individuals. And wow, there needs to be a cap on campaign spending. How about for every dollar they spend on their campaign, they must give a dollar away to charity?
It's that time of year when campaigning clogs the airways to an annoying level.
What always made me leery about the way voting takes place in the USA is the Electoral College. I understand the 12th Amendment was created by farmers in Sept 6, 1787, so that the small towns in BFE would have an equal say in who runs this country. But it is not a very democratic method for our current society. Even now farmers way out in BFE have cell phones and the internet.
Critics like myself argue that the Electoral College is inherently undemocratic and gives swing states disproportionate influence in electing the President and Vice President. It violates the principle of political equality, since presidential elections are not decided by the one-person one-vote principle. A result of the present functionality of the Electoral College is that the national popular vote bears no legal or factual significance on determining the outcome of the election. Since the national popular vote is irrelevant, both voters and candidates are assumed to base their campaign strategies around the existence of the Electoral College; any close race has candidates campaigning to maximize electoral votes by capturing coveted swing states, not to maximize national popular vote totals.
George C. Edwards, 2011 has stated:
The United States is the only country that elects a politically powerful president via an electoral college and the only one in which a candidate can become president without having obtained the highest number of votes in the sole or final round of popular voting.
The electoral college does not provide a straightforward process for selecting the president. Instead, it can be extraordinarily complex and has the potential to undo the people's will at many points in the long journey from the selection of electors to counting their votes in Congress.
Except in closely fought swing states, voter turnout is largely insignificant due to entrenched political party domination in most states. The Electoral College decreases the advantage a political party or campaign might gain for encouraging voters to turn out, except in those swing states. If the presidential election were decided by a national popular vote, in contrast, campaigns and parties would have a strong incentive to work to increase turnout everywhere. Individuals would similarly have a stronger incentive to persuade their friends and neighbors to turn out to vote. The differences in turnout between swing states and non-swing states under the current electoral college system suggest that replacing the Electoral College with direct election by popular vote would likely increase turnout and participation significantly.
Voting should be based on the direct popular vote of the people. Not by some shady elected “electoral” group of people who can be fined an obnoxious amount (in some states) for not voting a way they had promised. Although electors are not required by federal law to honor a pledge, in the overwhelming majority of cases they vote for the candidate to whom they are pledged. But no, the Electoral College can somehow supersede Us, the vote of the people.
4 times in our history the Electoral College superseded Our vote:
Things to read:
How Stuff Works
The Electoral College Controversy article
The “when” appears to have been 1993. The why, seems a little convoluted to me. It appears the FDA approved nationwide to feed milk cows a steroid hormone called rBGH (recombinant bovine growth hormone), also known as rBST (recombinant bovine somatotropin). FDA allows the use of the protein hormone rbGH to increase milk production in dairy cattle. Thus, hormones can increase the profitability of the meat and dairy industries. Because rBGH use results in more cases of diseaese, dairy farmers tend to use more antibiotics to combat the infections, the residues of which also may end up in milk and dairy products. These residues can cause allergic reactions in sensitive individuals and contribute to the growth of antibiotic resistant bacteria, further undermining the efficacy of some antibiotics in fighting human infections. Furthermore, recent research has shown conclusively that the levels of a hormone called “insulin-like growth factor-1″ (IFG-1) are elevated in dairy products produced from cows treated with rBGH. Canadian and European regulators have found that the FDA completely failed to consider a study that showed how the increased IGF-1 in rBGH milk could survive digestion and make its way into the intestines and blood stream of consumers. These findings are significant because numerous studies now demonstrate that IGF-1 is an important factor in the growth of cancers of the breast, prostate and colon. Let’s not even get into the pesticides used in the feed these animals eat.
Who knows what the long term affects will be of feeding growing kids these steroids. All I know is as soon as they started adding hormones and antibiotics I started getting stomach aches after I drank milk.
I can only drink certain organic milk without getting sick. And it tastes like the milk I grew up with before it was changed in 1993. I’ve tried the alternative milks, and they just don’t taste right. So if you find you can’t drink milk, but you’re fine with all other dairy products, then try organic. And FYI, not all organic brands are the same. Certain brands can give me a stomach ache, too.
Things to read
* I wanted to add: there are also some ice creams I can't eat. Certain brands I have no problem but they're typically the expensive brands, and I don't eat cheese too often. I've never had a problem with cheese though.*
Now; I'd say both. Back before the 1950s; I'd say "Them".
Since Roswell had taken place back in 1947, for a good fifteen to twenty years it would be easy to assume it was "Them". But now, you have to wonder if at least a quarter, to maybe even half of the proclaimed UFO sightings are probably "Us". It would probably take us a good decade or two to successfully back-engineer one of their crashed ships. And then to be able to navigate in space, beyond Earth's atmosphere would be quite a feat, but do-able.
To me it is easy to assume the Military Industrial Complex (made up of powerful company executives) is in control of all the technology that was handed to them and asked to "back-engineer it". Using private companies I'm sure would make it a good way to launder the money needed for such a program. Plus, there would be no public oversight. But they would have to be working hand and hand with the military. It would also explain why the United States military's lack of interest with going into space, not to mention other planets. Because they're already doing it.
But the cockiness of the group mentioned above, is what cracks-me-up. Don't they know, in the end they'll get burned? History has shown this time and again-they wont escape destiny.
I understand why they hide it. Because if they opened one can of worms, they'd have to open all the cans of worms. And then to tell the public, "Oh and sorry, but they are technologically more advanced than us and can easily do whatever they please. We are defenseless. Sorry." There would be mass panic. Plus, it would destroy several people's mind-set that "We" are not the most advanced evolved being in the universe. *snort* That always makes me roll me eyes. In my book that thinking will go down with, "the earth is flat" and "the sun revolves around earth".
Will man's ego ever learn?
On the other hand, if the MIC and Government just ripped that band-aid off, the combined intellect of the human mind is more likely to come up with a viable defense system than MIC trying to do it on their own. Humans are better at doing things together, than apart when there is a shared goal to strive for.
But I do believe we are still being observed by "Them". We are on the brink of entering into the next stage of our evolution. Either we'll destroy each other, or grow. It's that simple. So they are coming to watch to see which way we'll go. Don't get me wrong, I don't think all E.T.s benevolent and believe in non-interference, because some are coming to exploit our planet. Then there are other E.T.s who have stopped watching altogether, because they're disgusted with us. They think we'll fail to move forward and destroy our planet in the process. Which as an outsider, I would think that, too.
But all there needs to be is one cataclysmic event that changes the focus of everyone on the planet, then stand back and watch how old rivalries vanish.
I'll give one example. When 911 happened, New Yorkers for weeks after, were the nicest people on the planet who all with a common hatred for one person. Religion, age, race, gender, political standing, sexuality, financial status, or nationality no longer seemed important any more.
Heard of the Bloom Box? So when do we, the population, get one? Shouldn't this be the government's first priority? It would quickly change the world market in the US favor. Though, I'm sure big energy lobbyists would be strongly against it. I'm just saying, it's tested and sitting on a shelf-what's the hold up?
If Obama, or any candidate really wanted to take office, they would mandate a government incentive for either the manufacturer to bring down the price so home owners could buy their own power source, or give the incentive right to the consumer. It would skyrocket the US economy overnight.
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Mint Chip Ice cream, Krispy Kreme donuts, homemade pizza, pralines, Chinese chicken salad...mmmmm!