So you ask, what is dark matter? Why do I care? Believe it or not, there is actually more dark matter in the universe than there is atom matter.
Dark matter is a type of matter hypothesized to account for a large part of the total mass in the universe. It cannot be seen directly with telescopes; evidently it neither emits nor absorbs light or other electromagnetic radiation. Instead, its existence and properties are inferred from its gravitational effects on visible matter, radiation, and the large scale structure of the universe. Dark matter is estimated to constitute 84% of the matter in the universe and 23% of the mass-energy.
Oh and there isn’t just dark matter, there’s Cold Dark Matter, Warm Dark Matter, Hot Dark Matter, and Mixed. Not to mention baryonic and nonbaryonic dark matter.
Dark matter came to the attention of astrophysicists because of discrepancies between the mass of large astronomical objects and their gravitational effects, and mass calculated from the "luminous matter" like stars, gas, and dust. According to consensus among cosmologists, dark matter is composed primarily of a new, not yet characterized, type of subatomic particle. The search for this particle, by a variety of means, is one of the major efforts in particle physics today. Although the existence of dark matter is generally accepted by the mainstream scientific community, several alternative theories have been proposed to try to explain the anomalies for which dark matter is intended to account.
One of the ways scientists are researching it is through the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).
This is the world's largest and highest-energy particle accelerator. The funny thing about this instrument is when the scientist decided to turn it on, they weren't sure if it was going to make a tiny black hole that would grow and gobble up our solar system. Funny huh? Same situation as the nuclear bomb; they weren't sure if it wasn't just going to ignite the entire planet. Those pesky scientists and their sense of humor... granted they "claimed" the chances of any of the above scenarios from happening were slim. I don't fault them for doing it. I'm one of the first people who would push the big red button with the sign over it declaring, "DO NOT PUSH THE RED BUTTON". I just gotta do it, to see what happens. But it just takes a lot of balls to push "That" button-knowing you could-could end all life on Earth.
To me, the best way to look at dark matter is, it’s what black holes are made of. Of course this is just a hypothesis on my part. I’m not a scientist but no one knows what black holes are made of at this point. It just makes sense, nature has a way of balancing itself out and wouldn’t it be fitting the thing that makes the solar systems (made of atoms) turn, was the black hole (made of dark matter) in the center of the Milky Way Galaxy.
So why is any of this important? Well, it has been determined that even if we found a way to bend space, there would never be enough power required to travel through the universe. And according to scientists it would therefore make space travel impossible, which would make the existence of an advanced alien exploration, improbable.
But, BUT, what if an alien civilization found a way to harness the power in dark matter or dark energy? There is an abundance of it throughout space, again more of it than there is of atom matter. And then, add in the ability to fold space time, to me, makes it all possible. If another species is traveling in space, then they are advanced enough, scientifically, to use these tools. Just because we can't do it and we don’t understand it, doesn’t make it impossible, just unbelievable.
What is so fascinating and terrifying about a sun flare is how easily one could send us humans back into the dark ages. It could create an EM pulse that could fry electronic circuitry without a sound or visual cue that anything just occurred.
NBC has a new show coming out this season called Revolution. Is life going to imitate art? Nature’s way of balancing everything out? It’s a scary possibility because many would not survive without technology. Even the simple task of having clean water would kill millions.
Earth has had merely a handful of near misses that were powerful enough to create a world portrayed in that television show. But it would only take one to create that world.
What is a Solar Flare?
A solar flare is a sudden brightening observed over the Sun’s surface ejecting a cloud of intense particles into space. These clouds typically reach Earth a day or two after the event. The term is also used to refer to similar phenomena in other stars, where the term stellar flare applies.
Solar flares affect all layers of the solar atmosphere, producing radiation across the electromagnetic spectrum at all wavelengths, from radio waves to gamma rays. Although most of the energy goes to frequencies outside the visual range and for this reason a majorities of the flares are not visible to the naked eye and must be observed with special instruments. Flares occur in active regions around sunspots and are powered by the sudden release of magnetic energy stored in the corona. The same energy releases may produce coronal mass ejections (CME), although the relation between CMEs and flares is still not well established.
X-rays and UV radiation emitted by solar flares can affect Earth's ionosphere. This can disrupt long-range radio communications, direct radio emission, and may disturb operation of radars and other devices operating at these frequencies. Massive solar flares have been known to knock out electric power for extended periods of time.
The frequency of occurrence of solar flares varies, from several per day when the Sun is particularly "active" to less than one every week when the Sun is "quiet", following the 11-year solar cycle. Most proton storms take two or more hours from the time of visual detection to reach Earth's orbit. A solar flare on January 20, 2005 released the highest concentration of protons ever directly measured, taking only 15 minutes after observation to reach Earth, indicating a velocity of approximately one-third light speed, giving astronauts as little as 15 minutes to reach shelter.
Although there is a general agreement on the flares' causes, the details are still not well known. It is not clear how the magnetic energy is transformed into the particle kinetic energy, nor it is known how the particles are accelerated to energies as high as 10 MeV (Mega ElectronVolt) and beyond. We are unable to forecast flares, even to this day.
Solar flares are classified as A, B, C, M or X according to the peak flux (in watts per square meter, W/m2) of 100 to 800 picometer X-rays near Earth, as measured on the GOES spacecraft.
Classification Peak Flux Range at 100-800 picometer (Watts/square meter]
A < 10-7
B 10-7 - 10-6
C 10-6 - 10-5
M 10-5 - 10-4
X > 10-4
Solar flares strongly influence the local space weather in the vicinity of the Earth. Energetic particles in the magnetosphere contribute to the aurora borealis.
The radiation risks posed by coronal mass ejections are a major concern in discussions of a manned mission to Mars, the moon, or other planets. Energetic protons can pass through the human body, causing biochemical damage, and hence present a hazard to astronauts during interplanetary travel. Some kind of physical or magnetic shielding would be required to protect the astronauts.
In the Past
The sun unleashed an X1.8 class flare that began at 1:12 PM ET on January 27, 2012 and peaked at 1:37. The flare immediately caused a strong radio blackout at low-latitudes, which was rated an R3 on NOAA's scale from R1-5. The blackout soon subsided to a minor R1 storm. Models from NASA's Goddard Space Weather Center predict that the CME is traveling at over 1500 miles per second. It does not initially appear to be Earth-directed, but Earth may get a glancing blow.
Initial movies from NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) look as though there was an eruption and CME associated with the event, and NOAA’s GOES satellite also detected a solar energetic particle (SEP) event a half hour after the flare peak.
NASA calls these past intense solar flares as “Hot Shots”.
Here are some links to some incredible footage of these “Hot Shots”.
This is a good website for all sorts of space information including near Earth Asteroid Misses, which by the way we have an extremely close call coming by on June 29th. 499,721.3 km from earth, a 24m asteroid will pass by. Our moons average distance from the Earth is 384,399 km, that’s 238,854 miles. However the Moon's orbit is elliptical and the distance therefore varies during its orbit, to 405,696 km (252,088 miles) at its furthest. You can also track satellites through this site. http://spaceweather.com/
This site has a lot of technical data, all about sun spots. http://sunspotwatch.com/
This site also monitors sun spots for HAM operators, who are greatly affected by solar activity. http://www.solarham.com/
This is NASA’s solar events page. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/sunearth/multimedia/Solar-Events.html
This page is where NASA’s Heliophysics department studies the Sun, Heliosphere, and Planetary Environments as a single connected system is the goal of the Science Mission Directorate's Heliophysics Research Program. http://science.nasa.gov/heliophysics/
Moon Landing Map
There has been a controversy in the past of whether or not we went to the moon? I believe we did. But I also think things were seen there that the public was never shown. Being in the entertainment industry, I have a strong sense when I look at a picture if it has been doctored or not (because I have been known to do the doctoring in projects I’ve worked on), and it is my belief several of those pictures were doctored.
The moon is just a strange anomaly, something that big should not be orbiting the earth. It isn’t naturally found in the universe for a planet the size of Earth to have a Moon that large. Besides, the moon should not “ring like a bell”.
I also believe (after we developed the atomic bomb) we were consequentially told to not return to space “or else...” This would explain why we never left earth’s orbit for 40 years. Even Russia decided to stop going beyond the Earth’s hemisphere. Yet, we have technologically advanced on so many other levels. But we haven’t advanced any further than sending a man to the moon. Traveling up to our hemisphere to a “space station” and back is not technically space travel. And think of how much more advanced we are since the 1968, with cell phones and battery cells. Yet the (worldwide government’s) space community appear to have no real drive to go beyond the moon’s orbit. Weird huh? Yet, with 1960’s technology we can go to the moon and back.
With that thought processes you have to wonder, why?
There is no better way to explore than 'hands on'.
Did the world’s government decide, we just weren’t a match against an alien technology that could take over our missile silos?
Or could it be there is a secret government agency already traveling in space? Maybe we’ve had a technological boom because we back-engineered a bunch of advanced crashed alien gadgets. Maybe there is no rush to explore beyond our moon because we are already “out there”.
Hopefully one day the truth will come out.
Click the RSS feed button above to follow me.
Mint Chip Ice cream, Krispy Kreme donuts, homemade pizza, pralines, Chinese chicken salad...mmmmm!